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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 22, 2012 4:00pm-4:30pm PST

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together for another round of talks on the long-term finances. >> at a time we are making difficult decisions at home, it is quite wrong for there to be proposals for this increase the extra spending. >> syria rebels claimed another victory at a extended their control and a strategic region. >> bringing truth and reconciliation in an era of forced -- [indiscernible] and welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. the leaders of the european are embarking on what could be a difficult round of negotiations on a long-term budget.
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they are looking for a deal stretching to 2020, but they are divided on the best way to go. certain countries have been calling for cuts, more current spending levels maintained or even increased. >> as the leaders swept into brussels, the question was, had they come to argue or agree on a seven-year budget? all eyes were on david cameron regarded as the potential spoiler, the leader that insists on a cut. >> to keep the british rebate. >> the prime minister was in the see the key european officials to make his case. a 15 minute meeting became 35 and the prediction after words was a long ways to go.
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other leaders were arriving at their message was to be ready to compromise. >> they all have some preconditions and they must be ready to compromise. >> david cameron did have allies like the swedish leader. >> we have the overall spending levels coming down. >> it has been a day of trying to build alliances. even the dutch prime minister warned against using a veto. keep a loaded gun in your pocket, he said. there is a fundamental divide on the one side that pay more than they get out. in germany and the spending 11 billion. the u.k. is next with 7 billion. others get more than they put in. greece receives over 4 billion.
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those countries which received big grants have been joined forces to remove any cuts. they reduce that by 80 billion and don't hold a slight cut. >> this proposal is a step in the right direction but doesn't go far and tough enough, they say. the problem is, the closer officials get to the british position, the more it alienates us. >> farmers are protesting, fearing that it will reduce subsidies. sometime this evening, a new budget proposal will emerge and be passed to the leaders. >> of that document can determine if an agreement can be
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reached or if it will be deadlocked. >> for more on the summit in brussels, i spoke a short while ago with chris morris. >> after 14 hours of preliminary talks, called 27 leaders are sitting around a table together , everyone has got plenty of lines and will be long and complicated. during the day, but there are visions of those that want the budget slim down, those that insist that some kind of increase will be growth, if anything becomes more clear cut. >> is there a likelihood of an agreement being met? >> i think it will be very difficult. angela merkel said we might not
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reach an agreement this week. there is a long tradition of people playing down expectations only to declare a triumph of a few hours later. there is no doubt this has been the most difficult budget discussion they have had because of the economic context. they were hard enough for seven years ago in the last budget around had to be completed. this time, we are in a time of crisis. a time of national austerity, everyone is being closely monitored. there is a basic philosophical divide saying we can't spend as much as we used to. the eu has more member states joining next year, it is being asked to do do more things. you can't keep asking them to do
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more and more with less and less money. >> we are expecting l.a. evening? >> is possible that they can go all night, or is possible that they will produce a new set of figures. a new budget proposal which experts from all the delegations will have to go through them. people are hoping they might send them home for the night and stopped again in the morning. >> syrian rebels, consolidating their hold on the strategic positions in the country. one of the last government strongholds, an army base on the outskirts. a rebel commander says the whole countryside from the iraqi border is now under their control. >> according to the rebels
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themselves, it took them three weeks before they finally managed to run the base, losing 40 of their own men in the process. now they seem to be in full control with the base left burning and in ruins as the fighter is salvaged army vehicles and took whatever weapons and ammunition they could find. this was the last major base in the area. halfway between the border and the capital and the northwest, a controls a stretch of the strategically important euphrates valley. the fall of the base puts the rebels firmly in control, where they stayed a victory parade to celebrate. there wasn't much to celebrate
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in aleppo, syria's biggest city. surging to rescue victims under the rubble of the building demolished by a government air strike. as the opposition fighters advance slowly and relentlessly, it seems to be lashing out increasingly with air attacks, it does nothing to change the situation on the ground. and >> more than 24 hours after coming into -- the editor and now reports. >> pulling the troops and tanks back from the border, the
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invasion is off and the cease- fire is on. the reason, long-term, they don't feel any safer. >> we want to believe in the cease-fire, so we are pretty skeptical and scared. dr. bringing home the troops without using them warns many israelis. the government is emphasizing it won't tolerate cease-fire violations. >> i would say that they need to keep the border entirely quiet, and i won't give them a license to do after a certain level, it is nothing. >> streets that were empty are packed. they put on a victory rally, the people celebrating survival. hamas feels bolstered more
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strongly than ever. it meant the balance of power was changing in favor of the palestinians. but thank god for the cease- fire, he said. and all the palestinians dealt with as the war agreed with me. -- that wtinessed the war agree with me. they already look like potential flashpoints. the men were moving around again, but resistance is where hamas draws strength. with smuggling tunnels and egypt reopening, the are close to the blockade, hard to a imagine them doing much for what they call a vital security measure. they have a breathing space, turning it to something better
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than that. the sad fact is that the conditions have turned attention to violence and are still there. they had a peaceful day at last, a chance to relax. but it won't stay like that until they can settle a century of conflict. >> in the other news, the former french president has been questioned for 12 hours about allegations that he received illegal donations at the 2007 presidential campaign. sarkozy is a material witness, meaning he is a suspect but not formally charged. the japanese firms sony and panasonic have had their credit rating downgraded by the international ratings agency.
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the agency believes there is a significant chance the company could default on their debt repayment. the heads of the army have been suspended as a result of selling weapons to rebel groups. on tuesday, the government says that the place the rebels claimed they to of is now back. the international criminal court has issued an arrest warrant. she is wanted for alleged crimes against humanity following presidential elections in 2010. the egyptian president has issued a new constitutional declaration widening his powers. the presidential spokesman says they could not be appealed or revoked by any authority and has been made to protect them.
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>> ongoing clashes, demonstrations helped commemorate days of street fighting last november. they are part of wider malaise that -- from the egyptians that fought the government did not outline their country. the success of negotiations, how they were to make an important announcement. he gave a televised address, announcing sweeping new powers for the president. >> and the investigations and trials of all those that hold executive posts, the killing of
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protesters and any crimes that were committed against protesters will be open. >> in today's -- the days of mubarak, goes to replace him. ory can't be appealed cancelled, not even by the judiciary. the president take any measures he sees fit to safeguard national security. they have taken to the streets to celebrate what they see as concrete action protecting their revolution. but others are deeply worried by the authoritarian stance. >> you are watching bbc world news america. bringing up the slack, a special report from hong kong about the
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reach of the chinese authority. several british have been injured, reporters and the city ahead of the match, drinking when about 30 men smashed and and attacked them with knives. the italian police are confirming the identity of the attackers, denying that their fans are responsible for the attack. they have this report from rome. >> wreckage everywhere, blood on the wall. a moment of overwhelming violence, it seems to be targeting fans that are drinking here. the group of men that appeared outside the tub outside of 1:00 in the morning, their faces were covered. the owner says that what follows was a carefully planned attack
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on supporters inside. >> they threw everything at them, cobblestones, pieces of belt. >> they smashed the glass and stormed into the bar here. fans were outnumbered. they tried to hide, and it was hopeless. >> one of the supporters is in this hospital, seriously ill. their fans are struggling to take and what happened. >> it is obviously known to be in a notorious for english fans, but there were more fans where we were. they can obviously be outnumbered. >> the police detained five
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people. abc news, rome. >> it is a week since china unveiled of the new leadership, closely by neighboring hong kong. the former british colony was in china a few years ago. there is growing concern about the extent of chinese influence there. >> 15 years after it was handed back to china, hong kong seems as british as ever. it gives people of hong kong themselves the the feeling of being different, special, and they still fire of their guns. i was here for the handover of hong kong in 1997. i must it met, i assumed that
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the lot of hong kong had simply become submerged in the greater china, but it has not worked out like that at all. something quite extraordinary has been happening here. >> they brandish the colonial flag when the chinese president came to visit. people are increasingly worried that china is trying to remake the case in his own image. people behind the flag protest, far from being old colonial types, when the handover took place. >> not british and not chinese, i am here to protect -- and we don't have any freedom. >> china tried to force their schools to teach the chinese version of history, so many
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people turned up to protest. the local government had the bag down. the top academic year says that china is putting the wrong emphasis on the basic principle of the handover. >> it seems that bei jing needs an interpreter for what exactly it needs. it is more and more emphasized, the priority of one country. >> opinion poll showed that 2/3 of people think of themselves as hong kongers more than chinese. elections for chief executives back in 2017, but will try not like that? >> the speaker of hong kong's parliament is anxious.
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>> it will be a colossal task on how to move being approved by the central government. i am afraid that some mutual trust is now lacking on both sides. >> another british legacy, wonderful things that characterize this place. britain had the best and most transparent economy on earth. 15 years on, being difficult a stronger than ever. >> in the decades after world war two, hundreds of native american children were taken from their communities and given the families of foster care.
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they are helping those affected deal with the trauma. >> in the reservations, we were surrounded by water. we did not have power, we did not have sewer, and we lived in a lot of poverty. two station wagons pulled up and put us girls in the station wagon and drove away with us. i do not remember having been in the car before. i was taken into custody and put into a white foster homes. we thought we would survive better.
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>> the idea was to help them assimilate into the white culture. the indian child love her act was passed in 1978 because there was a recognition that india children were removed from their homes at a much higher rate than other children. even with that being passed, it did not have a lot of power to really change some of the practices. >> i remember the state coming in and taking us, they did not tell us where they were going to take us. in my world, when they took me to foster care, i could not call my father. i did not know what was going on and i remember being scared. my younger brother always wanted to protect me, and i remember seeing that look on my brother's face when he started crying,
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leave my sister alone. he just wanted to protect me. >> all of us that have been taken as children and still as adults, it impacted every aspect of my life. it has impacted my children and my grandchildren. they decided that we needed to do something more. we needed to go back and we needed to investigate and talk about what happened. >> find out who has the story is, compile a report that will actually tell what the collective story is. we will hear stories not just to kids, but all those that are
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impacted. it will give the community and opportunity to heal and a chance to get together and take care of one another. >> we leave you tonight of a thanksgiving day away from home. u.s. troops in afghanistan celebrated the holiday with a game of american football before getting into a traditional turkey dinner. this was a chance to take a well-deserved break. that brings today's program to a close. from all of us here at world is america, thanks for watching. have a happy thanksgiving in the u.s.. >> make sense of international news at
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